Civil War & Stephens County, OK (23)


John Lawrence Wilson (1842-1920)

Not many of the Civil War veterans buried in Stephens County, OK were born in any of the East Coast states or served in units there, but John Lawrence Wilson is one of those exceptions.

John was the third of ten children born to William Mattison & Addie (Orr) Wilson. He was born in Slabtown (Anderson County), South Carolina, which is located in the northwest corner of the state.

John served as a Private in Co. B of the CSA, 37th Virginia Cavalry Battalion from 1862 to 1865. Following is a brief summary from the National Park Service’s Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System site of this battalion’s experiences during the course of the war:

“The CSA, 37th Virginia Cavalry Battalion (aka: Dunn’s Battalion, Partisan Rangers) was organized in August, 1862, as Dunn’s Partisan Rangers. The battalion contained four companies and in November was changed to regular cavalry. It was assigned to W.E. Jones’, McCausland’s and W.L. Jackson’s Brigade. During April, 1864, it totaled 300 effectives and by June had increased its strength to ten companies. It was involved in various operations in western Virginia and East Tennessee, then saw action in the Shenandoah Valley. The unit disbanded in mid-April, 1865. Lieutenant Colonel Ambrose C. Dunn and Major J.R. Claiborne were in command.”

You can read in more detail some of the experiences of the company in which John served, Company B, right here.

Following the war, John married Harriett Adeline Madden (b. June 19, 1845; d. Nov. 23, 1938) in Pickens County, South Carolina on Nov. 19, 1865. Harriett was the fourteenth of fifteen children born to Ezekiel & Temperance Williams Merritt. Six years later, John and Harriett were blessed with a son, their only child, William Ezekiel Wilson (b. 1871; d. 1956). I don’t know exactly when John and Harriett moved to Oklahoma, but it was prior to 1910 and likely from Texas since their son was born in Sherman, Texas and they appear on 1910 census as living in the Parks Township in Stephens County, Oklahoma.

In the sumer of 1915, John filed for, and was granted, a Confederate pension (#1841) from the state of Oklahoma in 1915. John died on June 1, 1920, not quite another five years after being granted his pension. Consequently, the following month his widow, Harriett, applied for, and received, a CSA pension (#4296). John is buried in the Loco cemetery.