links to the land


1 Peter & Turkey: Sinope — a Church of 1 Peter in Northern Turkey?

“Bithynia, Paphlagonia, and Pontus were regions along the southern shore of the Black Sea that were merged into the Roman senatorial province of Bithyna et Pontus.  Jews from this region were present in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:9) and on Paul’s Second Journey Paul, Silas, and Timothy “… attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them” (Acts 16:7). From 1 Peter 1:1 we learn that Peter addressed Jewish believers in this province as he wrote his epistle and it is probable the Silvanus carried the letter to churches in the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia (1 Peter 5:4). Sinope was a major city in this area …”

Bible study, Google Earth & Google Maps: * Google Maps Exercise for Biblical Geography; * Google Earth Exercise for Biblical Geography

* “Google Maps is an outstanding (and free) resource for experiencing the lands virtually. To help those who are not fully familiar with the features in Google Maps, I composed a brief exercise to help students see what is possible, especially as it pertains to biblical geography. In the exercise, step by step directions are provided …”

* “I’ve now prepared another exercise for learning how to use Google Earth. Google Maps has incorporated some features of Google Earth and vice versa, but there are features in Earth that remain unique and particularly helpful for biblical studies.”

Clay pots: Treasures in Clay Jars

“The coins were buried in clay jars for safe keeping, often in times of warfare or instability. Coins were also hoarded for ritual purposes as votive offerings.”

Copper, Ezion-geber, Solomon & Timna: * Copper Production in the Time of Solomon; * Solomon’s Seaport at Ezion-geber

* “The Bible does not say that Solomon had copper mines at Ezion-geber, but the presence of mining facilities dating to the 10th century B.C. indicates that this may have been one of the reasons why the King built a port and had a navy stationed there (1 Kings 9:26-28).”

* “The cedar from Lebanon was brought by sea to Joppa for the building of Solomon’s temple (2 Chronicles 2:16). But that port was not adequate to meet Israel’s needs. Scripture informs us that Solomon built a fleet of ships at Ezion-geber.”

links to the land


Animal sacrifice, economics, Jerusalem & the templeAnimal Sacrifice at Temple Powered Ancient Jerusalem’s Economy

“An analysis of bones found in an ancient dump in the city dating back 2,000 years revealed that animals sacrificed at the temple came from far and wide.”

Assos: Paul at Assos — Final Part

“… the harbor that Paul left from for Mytilene was located a bit to the east of the modern harbor.”

Copper, mining, Solomon & Timna: King Solomon’s Mines, After All

“A new study by a team from Tel Aviv University concludes that the copper mines at Timna, near Eilat, were in operation during the reign of Solomon.”

Derbe: * Derbe Excavations Explore Pauline Site; * Excavations at Derbe Have Begun; * Remains of First Religious Structure Discovered in Central Anatolia

* “Excavations near Karaman in southern Turkey have begun to uncover remains from ancient Derbe, a site of Paul’s evangelizing in Acts 14-16.”

* “Derbe has been identified with the antiquity of site of Kerti Hüyük which is located 15 miles [24 km.] north northeast of Karaman. … Derbe was situated in the Lycaonian region (Acts 14:6) of the Roman province of Galatia.”

* “A structure that is believed to have served as a possible early Christian religious place has been discovered in archaeological excavations in the ancient city of Derbe, in the Central Anatolian province of Karaman.”