elder qualifications: comparison of translations (4)


While Scripture sometimes speaks distinctly in terms of qualities to look for in potential elder/shepherd candidates (e.g. – 1 Timothy 3.1-7; Titus 1.5-9), Scripture also gives us further clues as to what to look for by describing the function or role that elders/shepherds play. In yesterday’s post, we looked at two such passages: 1 Tim. 5.17-22 and 1 Peter 5.1-5. In today’s post, we’ll consider two more such passages: Acts 20.17-35 and James 5.14-16.

The words in James are clear enough: they speak directly to what elders do and they should do it. The passage in Acts, however, addresses the matter obliquely. In that text, Paul does give some directions straight to elders/shepherds, but much of what he has to say is based on his having modeled to the elders what he wants them to be about. That is, he holds himself up to them as a model of exemplary shepherding and says to them, in effect, “Do what you’ve seen me do. In so doing, you’ll be the sort of shepherd of people you should be.”

Now this tells us several things, two of which we should not fail to note. First, a great deal of the perspective potential elders/shepherds have developed about eldering/shepherding they have caught from others, rather than have been taught. And so, it’s only wise to consider those from whom potential candidates have received a great deal of influence. Who has taught them? What were they taught? With whose teaching do they fill their minds, be it by reading, listening, etc.? Who do they consider to be their models and heroes, as it were, of Christian faith and why? Do they learn from those with whom they differ in thinking or do they limit their interaction to the company of those with whom they already agree?

Second, from the perspective of Scripture, the majority of what elders/shepherds are to be about is not something they begin to do when they are appointed as elders/shepherds. Rather, most of what they will be doing they should have already been doing, though on a smaller, and in some measure, less responsible, scale. It is wrongheaded thinking to appoint someone as an elder/shepherd and then expect them to become one, as if they were one thing before they were appointed and are now becoming another post-appointment. No, if a church wants elders/shepherds who will serve as true elders/shepherds, they should look for candidates who have already been eldering/shepherding in their walk as Christians prior to their consideration for addition to a church’s eldership. And so, church: consider people for the service of shepherding God’s flock those people who have been modeling what it means to that very thing. To disregard this matter is to invite significant problems both for the individual and the church.

For the sake of brevity, we’ll limit our comparison of versions this time with these two texts (Acts 20.17-35 & James 5.14-16) to two renderings: (A) the New International Version (NIV 1984; MoSt Church‘s current pew Bible) and (B) the Common English Bible (CEB).

Note: Do recall, the numbering and lettering of the outline that follows corresponds to the more complete outline posted on Feb. 6, hence the “skips” in numbers and letters in this outline.

1. Is their character and behavior highly respectable?

h. Have they served the Lord no matter what they faced in life? – Acts 20.19

I served the Lord with great humility and with tears, although I was severely tested … (NIV 1984); I served the Lord with great humility and with tears in the midst of trials that came upon me … (CEB)

4. Are they giving and generous?

d. Do they work hard with such? – Acts 20.35

… hard work… (NIV 1984); … working hard … (CEB)

e. Do they give of themselves to help the weak? – Acts 20.35

… we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’ (NIV 1984); … we must help the weak. In this way we remember the Lord Jesus’ words: ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’ (CEB)

6. Are they teachable and given to teaching?

d. Is there evidence they learn well from the example of exemplary others? – Acts 20.17-35

[Paul uses himself as an example to the elders of Ephesus as to how they should serve in this entire passage.]

e. Do they understand and live the message of grace? – Acts 20.24b,32

… if only I may … complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the gospel of God’s grace. … Now I commit you to God and to the word of his grace, which can build you up and give you an inheritance among all those who are sanctified. (NIV 1984); This is nothing other than the ministry I received from the Lord Jesus: to testify about the good news of God’s grace … Now I entrust you to God and the message of his grace, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all whom God has made holy. (CEB)

f. Do they tell people what they need to hear, not merely what they want to hear? – Acts 20.20,27

You know that I have not hesitated to preach anything that would be helpful to you but have taught you publicly and from house to house. … For I have not hesitated to proclaim to you the whole will of God. (NIV 1984); You know I held back nothing that would be helpful so that I could proclaim to you and teach you both publicly and privately in your homes. … I haven’t avoided proclaiming the entire plan of God to you. (CEB)

g. Can it be honestly said it their life’s objective to help others change their hearts and lives with faith in the Lord Jesus? – Acts 20.21

I have declared to both Jews and Greeks that they must turn to God in repentance and have faith in our Lord Jesus. (NIV 1984); You know I have testified to both Jews and Greeks that they must change their hearts and lives as they turn to God and have faith in our Lord Jesus. (CEB)

8. Do they lead people rightly?

f. Could/would they help hold up those with whom they would serve to accountability? – Acts 20.28

Keep watch over yourselves … (NIV 1984); Watch yourselves … (CEB)

g. Do they live by faith, trusting God to work and provide? – James 5.14-16

Is any one of you sick? He should call the elders of the church to pray over him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven. Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective. (NIV 1984); If any of you are sick, they should call for the elders of the church, and the elders should pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord. Prayer that comes from faith will heal the sick, for the Lord will restore them to health. And if they have sinned, they will be forgiven. For this reason, confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of the righteous person is powerful in what it can achieve. (CEB)

10. Is the timing right for their appointment?

c. Can you envision God’s Spirit raising them up to serve as an elder/shepherd/supervisor/steward at this time? – Acts 20.28

… the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. (NIV 1984); … the Holy Spirit has placed you as supervisors … (CEB)

Our next post in this series on elders (Mar. 12) will consist of an update of the original outline (Feb. 6) to allow for the inclusion of all six of the texts we have considered thus far in our investigation of Scripture (Acts 20.17-35; 1 Timothy 3.1-7; 5.17-22; Titus 1.5-9; James 5.14-16; 1 Peter 5.1-5). We’ll consider that copy our final edition of our outline.

journey through James: what really stuck with me this time through (20)


As our three-month Journey Through James comes to a close today, let me share three of the things that were reinforced in my head this time through his letter.

1. You can hear Jesus everywhere in Scripture. It’s hard to read a single paragraph in James and not be reminded of some statement made by Jesus or some experience involving him. Perhaps that’s not surprising since the James who wrote this letter is most likely the Lord’s half-brother. But then again, the more familiar you are with the Christ of the Gospels, the more you’ll recall his life and hear his voice wherever you find yourself reading in Scripture. I need to see and hear my Lord at work wherever I am and it’s been so very good to see and hear him so easily and often in James.

2. Everything is to be handled with prayer. While there are several direct references to prayer scattered throughout James’ letter, it’s hard to read a section and not see prayer indirectly involved in some fashion or form. To me, it’s as if prayer is the subtle watermark that shadows the vocabulary and subjects of the whole document. And with James’ letter being about boldly living out Christian faith in the midst of any and all circumstances, particularly in those settings that are anything but comfortable, wouldn’t we expect prayer to take such a prominent place? My whole life needs to saturated with prayer and I appreciate James subtly, and not so subtly, reminding me so.

3. Our relationships reveal our real religion. There’s little room in James’ mind for Christian faith lived all to itself. No, if James is about anything it’s about our life together as a community of faith. How we treat our brothers and sisters in Christ is how treat the Christ. If we complain against, deceive, dishonor, neglect, or break faith with others, James would have us see that we’re doing these things to God. God dearly loves the people against whom we are guilty of doing these things and he surely doesn’t take kindly to our mistreatment of them. My respect and care for my kin in Christ are crucial to the health of my faith and the health of the community of faith and I thank God for using James to hold me accountable for such.

I do hope you’ve found our time together in James profitable. A masterful, mature teacher of Christ he is and diligent, dedicated disciples of Christ he would have us be. To that end, may God give us grace for the journey until the end of our days. Amen.

Question: what was impressed on your heart as you “journeyed through James?”

journey thru James: what we now know of God (19)

With our three-month Journey Thru James coming to a close tomorrow, I got to wondering what exactly it is we’ve learned about God our Father and Jesus his Son from James’ little letter. So, I made a list of everything explicitly stated about God or Jesus in James’ letter and then attempted to categorize all of those statements into logical groups.

God is our creator and sustainer. He’s the Creator (“… the creator of the heavenly lights …;” “… everything he created …”). He sends the rain (“Elijah … prayed again, [and] God sent rain …”) and every good thing (“Every good gift, every perfect gift, comes from above”).

God is holy and consistent. He does what’s right (“… God’s righteousness”) and he’s faithful (“… the faithfulness of our Lord Jesus Christ …”). He’s true to his word (“… his true word”), keeping his word and his promises (“They will receive the life God has promised to those who love him as their reward”). He isn’t tempted to do wrong (“… God is not tempted by any form of evil, nor does he tempt anyone”) and he doesn’t tempt people to do wrong (“… nor does he tempt anyone”). He resists evil wherever it’s found and evil resists him. He stands against the proud (“… God stands against the proud …”) and sadly, this gains him enemies (“Don’t you know that friendship with the world makes you an enemy of God?”). His character doesn’t change (“… in whose character there is no change at all”).

God is good, kind, and generous. His nature is to give (“… ask God, whose very nature is to give to everyone without a second thought, without keeping score”) and he pours out great grace on people (“But he gives us more grace”). He’s full of compassion and mercy (“… for the Lord is full of compassion and mercy”). He gives and restores our health (“Prayer that comes from faith will heal the sick, for the Lord will restore them to health”). He intervenes and rescues people, giving them spiritual health as he lifts them up (“… and he [the Lord] will lift you up”), gives them rebirth (“He chose to give us birth by his true word”), and extends to them forgiveness (“And if they have sinned, they will be forgiven”). He chooses what blessings he’ll give people (“Hasn’t God chosen those who are poor by worldly standards to be rich in terms of faith? Hasn’t God chosen the poor as heirs of the kingdom he has promised to those who love him?”) and as he does so, he favors the humble (“God … favors the humble”). God is one (“It’s good that you believe that God is one”) and is full of true wisdom, being worthy of imitation (“What of the wisdom from above? First, it is pure, and then peaceful, gentle, obedient, filled with mercy and good actions, fair, and genuine.”).

God rules, being extremely powerful and knowledgeable. He’s able to both rescue (“… he is able to save …”) and bring ruin (“… he is able … to destroy”). He’s far greater than death, having proven this by raising Jesus from the dead (“… who has been resurrected in glory”). His knowledge is great, being fully aware of what’s happening in our lives, even knowing our deepest anguish and hearing the prayers of the oppressed (“The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of heavenly forces”). He rules for he is Lord (… the Lord Jesus Christ;” “… in the name of the Lord; “in the name of the Lord”). He is the only true lawgiver (“There is only one lawgiver …”). He is the only judge (“There is only one … judge …” and “… the judge is standing at the door!”). He can be served and is served (… a slave of God …; “… submit to God”). And his role as such, and the fact that he is present, calls for our humility (“Humble yourselves before the Lord …”).

God wants us to have a close, healthy relationship with him. He’s approachable (“Come near to God …”) and he approaches us (“… he [God] will come near to you”). He can be befriended (“What is more, Abraham was called God’s friend”) and is like a Father to us (” … come down from the Father …;” “… before God the Father …”). He longs for our faithfulness to him (“Doesn’t God long for our faithfulness in the life he has given to us?”) and he sets people right with him (“… Abraham believed God, and God regarded him as righteous”). Consequently, he is to be trusted, so much so that withholds from those who do not ask of him in faith (“People like that should never imagine that they will receive anything from the Lord”).

God is coming our way. We must only be patient, for his arrival is sure (“… be patient as you wait for the coming of the Lord;” “… the coming of the Lord is near”).

I make no claims to the preceding list being comprehensive and yes, the groupings are rather arbitrary. However, I think you’ll agree it’s rather impressive what this one document claims and declares about God our Father and his Son! How great is our God!


My brothers and sisters, if any of you wander from the truth and someone turns back the wanderer, recognize that whoever brings a sinner back from the wrong path will save them from death and will bring about the forgiveness of many sins. (James 5:19-20 CEB)

One of my favorite and most common expressions is “a lot of creeks feed the river.” What I mean by that is that rarely is something the result of any one thing, but comes about from the influence of many.

This is surely most true in cases where Christians who have wandered away from God come back to him. Oh, one person or one happening might prove to be “the tipping point” to such a person’s return, but it’s almost always the case that that’s all they were, “the tipping point.” A million factors, many of them exceedingly subtle and indirect, are almost always at play.

  1. A sincere prayer you offered for God to use you to influence the hearts of others to a closer walk with Christ may be answered as you seek to live like a child of God each day.
  2. A simple courtesy or act of everyday kindness done to one, but witnessed by another, just might help open a door to a heart that has long been dead-bolted shut.
  3. Your good service and ministry in Christ’s name that helps give a portion of God’s people a good name and reputation in a community might contribute powerfully to someone thinking afresh about their relationship with the Lord and his people.
  4. Simply being a deliberate contributor to a positive, loving atmosphere in a congregation might make far more of a difference to someone than you’ll ever know.

And the list could go on and on and on. The bottom line of it all is this, though: we’re all in this thing together and we all have an influence on each others’ lives, so how careful and deliberate we ought to live so as to help people come closer to God and not be turned further away from him.

My dear brothers and sisters, realize that if anyone strays from God’s path and someone helps turn them around again, nothing less than certain death has been averted and the forgiveness of many sins is what has taken place. (James 5:19-20 DSV)

Father in heaven, if you will lead me to some soul today to influence for you, I will do my best to do just that, in the name of Jesus. Amen.

journey thru James (18): twenty questions on James 5:7-20


This coming Sunday morning (Nov. 27) at MoSt Church, most of our adult classes will study James 5:7-20. This will mark the conclusion of our Journey Thru James. We’ll use the following two phrases to focus our mind on the meaning of this passage: persevering in patience in view of the Lord’s presence (5:7-11) and keeping your promises, offering your praise, praying in faith & pursuing the stragglers (5:12-20). To help you get ready for this encounter with God’s word and our discussion of it, here is the text and twenty exercises and questions.


Therefore, brothers and sisters, you must be patient as you wait for the coming of the Lord. Consider the farmer who waits patiently for the coming of rain in the fall and spring, looking forward to the precious fruit of the earth. You also must wait patiently, strengthening your resolve, because the coming of the Lord is near. Don’t complain about each other, brothers and sisters, so that you won’t be judged. Look! The judge is standing at the door!

Brothers and sisters, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord as an example of patient resolve and steadfastness. Look at how we honor those who have practiced endurance. You have heard of the endurance of Job. And you have seen what the Lord has accomplished, for the Lord is full of compassion and mercy.

Most important, my brothers and sisters, never make a solemn pledge—neither by heaven nor earth, nor by anything else. Instead, speak with a simple “Yes” or “No,” or else you may fall under judgment.

If any of you are suffering, they should pray. If any of you are happy, they should sing. If any of you are sick, they should call for the elders of the church, and the elders should pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord. Prayer that comes from faith will heal the sick, for the Lord will restore them to health. And if they have sinned, they will be forgiven. For this reason, confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of the righteous person is powerful in what it can achieve. Elijah was a person just like us. When he earnestly prayed that it wouldn’t rain, no rain fell for three and a half years. He prayed again, God sent rain, and the earth produced its fruit.

My brothers and sisters, if any of you wander from the truth and someone turns back the wanderer, recognize that whoever brings a sinner back from the wrong path will save them from death and will bring about the forgiveness of many sins. (James 5:7-20 CEB)


1. Would you say this section (5:7-20) is rather random in thought or do you see a connecting thread? Explain.

2. James’ original readers clearly hungered (vs. 7) for the Lord’s return (10 on a scale of 10). How about you? Why?

3. How does James’ teaching to be patient (vs.7-8) fit in with the preceding context (4:13-5:6) and consequently, what
does it mean to be “patient” here in this context?

4. What can a Christian practically do to “strengthen” their “resolve” to wait patiently for the Lord (vs. 8)?

5. It’s easy for church to become “the complaint department” (vs. 9). How can a person break their habit of complaining?

6. What statements by Jesus come to mind when you read about how to avoid being ‘judged (vs. 9b)?

7. Does vs. 8b,9b teach that James expected Jesus’ return to be quite soon? It’s been nearly two millennium. Thoughts?

8. What specific prophets and events come to mind as examples of “patient resolve and steadfastness” (vs. 10)?

9. Read vs. 11. Knowing what you do of the book of Job, how is it exactly that it can be said that Job “endured?”

10. Read vs. 11b. What evidence in life speaks strongly to you that God truly is “full of compassion and mercy?”

11. Does vs. 12 forbid the taking of oaths by Christians in a court of law or saying the Pledge of Allegiance today? Explain.

12. What have you seen happen to peoples’ prayer life when they underwent suffering? (vs. 13a) What happen to yours?

13. The word “sing” (vs. 14) could be literally translated as “psalm.” What Psalm do you like to read when happy or what song do you particularly like to sing to God in praise?

14. Which do you think the illness spoken of in vs.14-15 is, physical or spiritual? Why?

15. Does vs. 14-15 speak of an experience limited to the time of the apostles or of one that is still valid today? Why?

16. James says “confess your sins to one another” (vs. 16). Why don’t we see and practice such more often than we do?

17. Working only from 5:13-18, what would you say are some essential qualities or traits of godly prayer?

18. How can you tell if someone has wandered (vs. 19), taken “the wrong path” (vs. 20) and is headed for death (vs. 20)?

19. Whose sins are being forgiven in vs. 20, those of the restored wanderer or those of the earnest seeker? Explain.

20. What is the best thing you’ve learned or been reminded of in this Journey Thru James?