When you exit Herod’s theater in Caeasarea Maritima to the NNW, you immediately find yourself on a pathway leading to a strip of flower garden that borders the remains of what was some of the city walls from the Herodian era.
An information sign in the garden reads:
“The source of much present day knowledge of the styles and building methods of the classical world of Greece and Rome is the work of the Roman architect and engineer Vitruvius, who wrote his major text, De Architectura, some two thousand years ago.
“The architecture of this region combines Hellenistic and Roman traditions with local and imported materials, all of which was adapted to local conditions.
“This garden presents a collection of architectural artifacts discovered during the excavation of Caesarea, or found by chance.”
The photograph above is of the remnants of the Herodian city wall. Jerome Murphy-O’Conner observes (p. 243):
“… some 60m [meters] of the 1.8 m-wide Herodian city wall is visible. Originally a round tower … projected to the south. It was replaced by a square tower in the C1 AD. In that century the area outside the wall and west of the tower became a cemetery with built tombs, which lasted until the 3CE [third century A.D.].”