Civil War & Stephens County, OK (27)


Roland Cornelius Morgan (1835-1928)

Roland Cornelius Morgan, a twenty-two year old native of South Carolina, married fourteen-year old Sarah Vienna Blalock (b. Feb. 25, 1843; d. Mar. 26, 1923) on Dec. 13, 1857 near Carrollton, Georgia.

Late in the summer of 1861, when the CSA, 3rd Battalion, Georgia Infantry was organized at The Rock, Georgia, Roland was one of those that enlisted (Aug. 31). Participating in the Cumberland Gap and Kentucky Campaigns, the 3rd GA Battalion suffered the loss of 13% of their men in the Battle of Murfreesboro (aka: Stones River; Dec. 31, 1862 – Jan. 2, 1863). The following spring, May 1863, the 3rd GA and the 9th GA Battalion were merged to form the 37th Georgia Infantry Regiment and the was assigned to the Army of Tennessee. Roland served as a Private in Co. I in the 37th GA.

The 37th Georgia Infantry “saw the elephant,” fighting with the Army of Tennessee at Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta, Hood’s winter campaign, and then, late in the war, in North Carolina. Though the 37th Georgia’s most costly experience was at the battle of Chickamauga (Sept. 18-20, 1863) where every other man was lost (50% casualties), surely the most harrowing experience for Roland was when he was captured near Atlanta on Aug. 7, 1864. Roland spent just over nine months as a prisoner of war, finally being released from Camp Chase, Ohio upon taking oath of allegiance on May 13, 1865.

Making his way home following the war, Roland and Sarah were reunited and went on to have at least six children born to them: Tillie Lia (1864-1865), Sarah Sellina (1866-1914), Christopher Cornelius (1868-1934), Dora Elizabeth (1870-1952), Dannil Rolen (1871-1936), and William David (1873-1958). Moving to Texas and living there for a time, Roland and Sarah, all of their children now grown, eventually moved to Pickens County, Indian Territory in 1896, the county that would later become Stephens County, Oklahoma. According to the 1910 Stephens County census, Roland and Sarah lived in the Brown Township at that time (305-308). They lived in Comanche at the time he applied for his Confederate pension (#1192) from the state of Oklahoma.

Roland’s grave is located in the Old Fairlawn cemetery in Comanche, Oklahoma.